MENILIK KONSEP KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR TINGKAT TINGGI (HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS) DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA

Ega Gradini

Abstract


Kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi atau dikenal juga dengan Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) merupakan tuntutan Kurikulum 2013. Komitmen sekolah terhadap pemikiran tingkat tinggi sebagian besar bersifat retoris, sementara pengembangan kurikulum seringkali tidak efektif. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk mendiskusikan ketrampilan berpikir kritis, ketrampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi (Higher Order Thinking Skills -HOTS), langkah guru membelajarkan dan mengasah HOTS siswa, Level HOTS siswa menurut Taksonomi Bloom dan Marzano, dan kaitan antara HOTS dan literasi matematika. Makalah ini diharapkan dapat memberikan masukan bagi pendidik dan peneliti matematika agar sehingga dapat memberikan masukan atau sumbangan untuk peningkatan kualitas pendidikan matematika yang berdampak pada perkembangan sumber daya manusia di Indonesia.

Kata Kunci: Ketrampilan Berpikir Kritis, Keterampilan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi, HOTS, Taksonomi Bloom, Literasi Matematika

 

Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) are a demand of the 2013 curriculum in Indonesia. Schools’ commitment to higher level thinking is largely rhetorical, while curriculum development is often ineffective. This paper aims to discuss critical thinking skills, higher-order thinking skills (HOTS), teachers’ effort to teach and enhance student’s higher level thinking, levels of students’ HOTS according to Bloom and Marzano's Taxonomy, and the relationship between HOTS and mathematical literacy. This paper is expected to provide information for mathematics teachers and researchers in order to enhance the quality of mathematics education that has an impact on the development of human resources in Indonesia.

 

Keywords: Critical Thinking, Higher Order Thinking Skills, Bloom Taxonomy, HOTS Marzano, Mathematical Literacy


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